Tag Archives: seamless cylinder

China Standard Hot Sales Products St52 Stkm13c Honing Seamless CZPT H8-H9 Tolerance Hydraulic Cylinder Honed Tubes near me manufacturer

Product Description

Product Description

Honing is a kind of machining technology. Through honing head, the inner hole of cold drawn pipe is processed by reciprocating high-speed grinding technology, so that the inner hole can meet the requirements of tolerance size and surface roughness that we need.

Honed tube is a kind of smooth bore steel tube used to manufacture hydraulic cylinder barrels that is the core part of a piece of hydraulic cylinder. 

 

Product name

Precision tubes and Honing tubes

Thickness

1.24mm - 60mm

Diameter

10.3mm - 610mm

Standard

ASTM A519 GRADE 4130

Mterial

GRADE 4130

Surface

oiled/black painting

Packing

wooden bag, pallet or as per your request

Application

Petroleum, chemical, machinery, electric power, shipbuilding, papermaking, construction etc

Certificate

ISO 9001

Lead time

15days or according to your qty

MOQ

10Tons

Technique

Cold drawn

Inspection

Acceptable

Common Sizes List (ID*OD)

40*50

100*127

240*273

40*55

110*130

250*266

50*60

120*140

250*280

50*63

120*145

250*300

60*70

125*140

280*323

60*73

125*145

280*325

63*73

140*165

300*320

63*76

140*168

300*356

70*80

150*180

320*340

70*82

160*184

320*356

70*85

160*194

320*370

80*90

170*200

350*370

80*92

180*210

400*420

80*95

200*216

 

80*100

200*220

 

90*102

200*232

 

90*105

200*245

 

100*114

220*250

 

100*121

   

 

 

Types of agricultural parts

Agricultural parts can be divided into different categories. These components include tractors, moldboard plows, whips and sickles. Some of the different types of agricultural ingredients are listed below. Each of these parts is important for different types of farming. It is important to know the purpose of each and what it does. If you are a farmer or plan to become a farmer, these parts are critical to your operation.
agriculturalparts

Tractor

The first tractor appeared in the 1920s. Ford and International Harvester were among the first companies to produce farm tractors, but the industry has grown rapidly. By the 1920s, hundreds of companies were producing farm tractors. The agricultural depression of the 1930s forced many of these companies out of business. By the 1930s, only 7 companies were major players in the tractor business. Ford produced the largest number of wheeled tractors in the United States between 1930 and 1955.
Some tractors are equipped with various accessories to enhance their performance. These specialized agricultural components are used for a variety of tasks. These include tillage, harvesting, planting and material handling. Tractors vary in horsepower, lift capacity, control and capabilities. Some models also have device mounting options. The downside of this is that if you need to use the tractor for other purposes, you will have to use additional attachments that can damage the tractor.
Modern tractors have a clutch pedal on the gear lever. This allows you to shift quickly without pedaling. Other tractors have a throttle speed button that improves hydraulic flow to the implement. However, the most important component of a tractor is the engine. Tractors must be driven safely because even minor accidents can cause serious damage to farm equipment. While there are many tractors that can operate without these parts, you can find the right tractor for your job.

Shared plows

One of the many uses of shared plows as part of agriculture is to increase the amount of soil in a field. This plow effectively removes compacted soil and lifts weed roots. According to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Institute for Agriculture and Natural Resources, plowshares are best used in the fall, when weeds are less active and the soil is more fertile.
The basic plowshare can be adjusted by raising or lowering the plowshare to suit runners in the furrow. However, this design is not suitable for breaking up the heavier soils of northern Europe. In the 6th century, however, the advent of the wheel made it possible to use larger moldboards, which increased food production and population growth. Today, farmers in North America have access to a wide variety of moldboard plows.
Agricultural moldboard plows come in 2 basic styles, horse-drawn or tractor-style. Horse-drawn models have 1 bottom, while tractor-pulled moldboard plows have 1 to 14 hydraulically raised bottoms. Other variants include intermediate breakers and twin moldboard plows. Agricultural moldboard plows are often used in the Midwest and elsewhere.

Grass

Grass is used for mowing. The blade is double edged and bolted to the wooden handle. Steel blades are tempered and braced for strength and durability. The blade can be sharpened if necessary. The straw whip is 30 inches long, which can be a good or a bad thing depending on the user's height. Blades can be sharpened with sandpaper or a file.
The traditional straw whip 32 includes a rear panel and horizontal shelves. It also features a hollow handle with an adapter at the proximal end and a carrying handle at the distal end. The first cable goes to the power supply and goes through the case and handle. After pulling the cable taut, the straw will be firmly attached to the small holder 8.
The suction tube 32 is connected to an electrical connection 47 that powers the device. A battery pack is provided for use away from the tractor. It is a plastic or metal box and consists of 2 parts: a rechargeable battery 67 and a female electrical plug 68. The switch locks in the open position to prevent accidental use. The switch is also equipped with a safety lock button. These 2 components work together to operate the straw.
agriculturalparts

Scythe

Although it is generally believed that the scythe was first developed in Roman times, its actual development may be earlier. Pliny mentioned 2 different types of sickles, Gallic and Roman. The Gallic sickle was the longer of the 2 and was made of mild steel, while the Roman sickle was made of harder, higher carbon steel.
In the past, people cut wheat by hand with a sickle. They replaced scythes and bagging hooks, which required users to bend over to harvest crops. Although they have largely been replaced by tractor machinery, scythes are still used today in parts of Asia and Europe. The sickle can also reach awkward corners, making it more useful in certain types of cuts.
The sickle belt stretches from Europe to the Middle East and the Midwest of the United States and Canada. It also spans most of Russia, the Middle East and North Africa. In the 19th century, Austrian sickle makers dominated the sickle industry. They produced millions of sickles, some dating back to the 1500s. Some of them were exported to India and the former Soviet Union.

Brushcutter

Brushcutters are powerful agricultural tools used primarily for felling and trimming vegetation. These parts are often multifunctional, and some models are even capable of maintaining road edges and ditches. Some models can even trim branches from certain types of trees. Before you buy your own brush cutter, be sure to read the manual carefully and follow the safety rules. For your own safety and the safety of others, please wear a hard hat, eye and hearing protection, padded gloves, long pants, and boots, and keep young children away from work areas.
Brushcutters are usually attached to the tractor via a 3-point linkage system, with the exception of high reach models that are attached to the tractor via fixed stirrups. Additionally, brush cutters often have a balancing mass located opposite the tractor. These agricultural components are complicated to install, but once installed, they remain coupled to the tractor. A brush cutter is a critical piece of equipment on any tractor.
Most brushcutters use hydraulic engines. The power is transmitted mechanically through a PTO (power take-over) mechanism or a cardan shaft, which turns a hydraulic pump. This pump draws hydraulic oil from a special tank and then sends it through a series of distributors to move the arm and the working organ. As a result, the power of the brush cutter is transferred from the tractor to the working organ by a hydraulic engine.
agriculturalparts

Transplanters

Transplanters for agricultural parts are equipment used to plant seedlings into soil. These machines are used in greenhouses and open fields to increase productivity, yield, and the success of harvesting transplanted crops. Transplanters are typically made of steel and are designed to fit seedlings of all shapes and sizes. Buying a used transplanter is a good idea as long as the working parts are in good condition. When considering a used model, you should inspect it for cracks or corrosion and broken parts.
A mechanical transplanter works faster than hand transplanting, but it becomes slower as your quads and back start hurting. Water-wheel transplanters have become popular in recent years. By automatically delivering water into the holes where the transplants are set, water is delivered to the root system without the need for manual intervention. Moreover, water-wheel transplanters save time on watering. John Good, a farmer who uses a water-wheel transplanter, says that speed is no different between a mechanical transplanter and a water-wheel one.

Cultivatorsw

The basic purpose of cultivators is to turn soil and plant matter into a workable form for the crops. Cultivators are used by both large and small farmers. Cultivators for small farming operations are usually self-propelled, but may be drawn behind a tractor. Two-wheel cultivators are typically fixed and powered by couplings, while four-wheel cultivators are attached via a three-point hitch and operated by power take-off. Some cultivators are still drawn behind a draft animal, and the methods are still used in many developing countries.
Cultivators are used in farming to break up soil around a crop. There are 3 different kinds of cultivators: row crop cultivators, disc cultivators, and power cultivators. Row crop cultivators are used to break up soil before planting, while harrows are used to prepare the soil for planting. In both cases, cultivators are used to disturb the soil consistently throughout the working width. In general, cultivating soil improves aeration and disrupts photosynthesis. Moreover, it can decrease water ponding time after heavy rainfall.
Cultivators are important parts of agricultural machinery. They aerate soil, prepare the seedbed, and kill weeds. By disrupting the soil, cultivators are used to evenly distribute chemical applications. Among them, glyphosate is the most common and widely used weed killer. It is safe for farmers to use, and it effectively eliminates most weeds in a single application.

China Standard Hot Sales Products St52 Stkm13c Honing Seamless CZPT H8-H9 Tolerance Hydraulic Cylinder Honed Tubes     near me manufacturer China Standard Hot Sales Products St52 Stkm13c Honing Seamless CZPT H8-H9 Tolerance Hydraulic Cylinder Honed Tubes     near me manufacturer

China Good quality 1045 1020 Hydraulic Cylinder CZPT High Standard Precision Seamless Round Carbon Steel Tube Cold Drawn 2 - 30 mm Non-Alloy Pipes near me supplier

Product Description

Product Description

Honing is a kind of machining technology. Through honing head, the inner hole of cold drawn pipe is processed by reciprocating high-speed grinding technology, so that the inner hole can meet the requirements of tolerance size and surface roughness that we need.

Honed tube is a kind of smooth bore steel tube used to manufacture hydraulic cylinder barrels that is the core part of a piece of hydraulic cylinder. 

 

Product name

Precision tubes and Honing tubes

Thickness

1.24mm - 60mm

Diameter

10.3mm - 610mm

Standard

ASTM A519 GRADE 4130

Mterial

GRADE 4130

Surface

oiled/black painting

Packing

wooden bag, pallet or as per your request

Application

Petroleum, chemical, machinery, electric power, shipbuilding, papermaking, construction etc

Certificate

ISO 9001

Lead time

15days or according to your qty

MOQ

10Tons

Technique

Cold drawn

Inspection

Acceptable

Common Sizes List (ID*OD)

40*50

100*127

240*273

40*55

110*130

250*266

50*60

120*140

250*280

50*63

120*145

250*300

60*70

125*140

280*323

60*73

125*145

280*325

63*73

140*165

300*320

63*76

140*168

300*356

70*80

150*180

320*340

70*82

160*184

320*356

70*85

160*194

320*370

80*90

170*200

350*370

80*92

180*210

400*420

80*95

200*216

 

80*100

200*220

 

90*102

200*232

 

90*105

200*245

 

100*114

220*250

 

100*121

   

 

 

Synthesis of Epicyclic Gear Trains for Automotive Automatic Transmissions

In this article, we will discuss the synthesis of epicyclic gear trains for automotive automatic transmissions, their applications, and cost. After you have finished reading, you may want to do some research on the technology yourself. Here are some links to further reading on this topic. They also include an application in hybrid vehicle transmissions. Let's look at the basic concepts of epicyclic gear trains. They are highly efficient and are a promising alternative to conventional gearing systems.
Gear

Synthesis of epicyclic gear trains for automotive automatic transmissions

The main purpose of automotive automatic transmissions is to maintain engine-drive wheel balance. The kinematic structure of epicyclic gear trains (EGTs) is derived from graph representations of these gear trains. The synthesis process is based on an algorithm that generates admissible epicyclic gear trains with up to 10 links. This algorithm enables designers to design auto gear trains that have higher performance and better engine-drive wheel balance.
In this paper, we present a MATLAB optimization technique for determining the gear ratios of epicyclic transmission mechanisms. We also enumerate the number of teeth for all gears. Then, we estimate the overall velocity ratios of the obtained EGTs. Then, we analyze the feasibility of the proposed epicyclic gear trains for automotive automatic transmissions by comparing their structural characteristics.
A six-link epicyclic gear train is depicted in the following functional diagram. Each link is represented by a double-bicolor graph. The numbers on the graph represent the corresponding links. Each link has multiple joints. This makes it possible for a user to generate different configurations for each EGT. The numbers on the different graphs have different meanings, and the same applies to the double-bicolor figure.
In the next chapter of this article, we discuss the synthesis of epicyclic gear trains for automotive automatic transaxles. SAE International is an international organization of engineers and technical experts with core competencies in aerospace and automotive. Its charitable arm, the SAE Foundation, supports many programs and initiatives. These include the Collegiate Design Series and A World In Motion(r) and the SAE Foundation's A World in Motion(r) award.
Gear

Applications

The epicyclic gear system is a type of planetary gear train. It can achieve a great speed reduction in a small space. In cars, epicyclic gear trains are often used for the automatic transmission. These gear trains are also useful in hoists and pulley blocks. They have many applications in both mechanical and electrical engineering. They can be used for high-speed transmission and require less space than other types of gear trains.
The advantages of an epicyclic gear train include its compact structure, low weight, and high power density. However, they are not without disadvantages. Gear losses in epicyclic gear trains are a result of friction between gear tooth surfaces, churning of lubricating oil, and the friction between shaft support bearings and sprockets. This loss of power is called latent power, and previous research has demonstrated that this loss is tremendous.
The epicyclic gear train is commonly used for high-speed transmissions, but it also has a small footprint and is suitable for a variety of applications. It is used as differential gears in speed frames, to drive bobbins, and for the Roper positive let-off in looms. In addition, it is easy to fabricate, making it an excellent choice for a variety of industrial settings.
Another example of an epicyclic gear train is the planetary gear train. It consists of 2 gears with a ring in the middle and the sun gear in the outer ring. Each gear is mounted so that its center rotates around the ring of the other gear. The planet gear and sun gear are designed so that their pitch circles do not slip and are in sync. The planet gear has a point on the pitch circle that traces the epicycloid curve.
This gear system also offers a lower MTTR than other types of planetary gears. The main disadvantage of these gear sets is the large number of bearings they need to run. Moreover, planetary gears are more maintenance-intensive than parallel shaft gears. This makes them more difficult to monitor and repair. The MTTR is also lower compared to parallel shaft gears. They can also be a little off on their axis, causing them to misalign or lose their efficiency.
Another example of an epicyclic gear train is the differential gear box of an automobile. These gears are used in wrist watches, lathe machines, and automotives to transmit power. In addition, they are used in many other applications, including in aircrafts. They are quiet and durable, making them an excellent choice for many applications. They are used in transmission, textile machines, and even aerospace. A pitch point is the path between 2 teeth in a gear set. The axial pitch of 1 gear can be increased by increasing its base circle.
An epicyclic gear is also known as an involute gear. The number of teeth in each gear determines its rate of rotation. A 24-tooth sun gear produces an N-tooth planet gear with a ratio of 3/2. A 24-tooth sun gear equals a -3/2 planet gear ratio. Consequently, the epicyclic gear system provides high torque for driving wheels. However, this gear train is not widely used in vehicles.
Gear

Cost

The cost of epicyclic gearing is lower when they are tooled rather than manufactured on a normal N/C milling machine. The epicyclic carriers should be manufactured in a casting and tooled using a single-purpose machine that has multiple cutters to cut the material simultaneously. This approach is widely used for industrial applications and is particularly useful in the automotive sector. The benefits of a well-made epicyclic gear transmission are numerous.
An example of this is the planetary arrangement where the planets orbit the sun while rotating on its shaft. The resulting speed of each gear depends on the number of teeth and the speed of the carrier. Epicyclic gears can be tricky to calculate relative speeds, as they must figure out the relative speed of the sun and the planet. The fixed sun is not at zero RPM at mesh, so the relative speed must be calculated.
In order to determine the mesh power transmission, epicyclic gears must be designed to be able to "float." If the tangential load is too low, there will be less load sharing. An epicyclic gear must be able to allow "float." It should also allow for some tangential load and pitch-line velocities. The higher these factors, the more efficient the gear set will be.
An epicyclic gear train consists of 2 or more spur gears placed circumferentially. These gears are arranged so that the planet gear rolls inside the pitch circle of the fixed outer gear ring. This curve is called a hypocycloid. An epicyclic gear train with a planet engaging a sun gear is called a planetary gear train. The sun gear is fixed, while the planet gear is driven.
An epicyclic gear train contains several meshes. Each gear has a different number of meshes, which translates into RPM. The epicyclic gear can increase the load application frequency by translating input torque into the meshes. The epicyclic gear train consists of 3 gears, the sun, planet, and ring. The sun gear is the center gear, while the planets orbit the sun. The ring gear has several teeth, which increases the gear speed.
Another type of epicyclic gear is the planetary gearbox. This gear box has multiple toothed wheels rotating around a central shaft. Its low-profile design makes it a popular choice for space-constrained applications. This gearbox type is used in automatic transmissions. In addition, it is used for many industrial uses involving electric gear motors. The type of gearbox you use will depend on the speed and torque of the input and output shafts.

China Good quality 1045 1020 Hydraulic Cylinder CZPT High Standard Precision Seamless Round Carbon Steel Tube Cold Drawn 2 - 30 mm Non-Alloy Pipes     near me supplier China Good quality 1045 1020 Hydraulic Cylinder CZPT High Standard Precision Seamless Round Carbon Steel Tube Cold Drawn 2 - 30 mm Non-Alloy Pipes     near me supplier

China Standard Factory Wholesale Price Steel Seamless Gas Cylinder Oxygen Cylinder H2 Cylinder Air Cylinder Hydraulic Gas Cylinder with Free Design Custom

Product Description

HangZhou CZPT Gas Equipment Co., Ltd. has 10 seamless steel gas cylinder production lines, 8 intelligent welding gas cylinder production lines, and complete equipment and instruments for physical and chemical analysis, inspection, testing and various tests.

Steel seamless gas cylinders include diameters of 140, 152, 159, 219, 232 and other specifications, 5-52 liters of various types of normalizing bottles, quenching and tempering bottles, types include: oxygen, argon, nitrogen, hydrogen, helium, neon , Krypton, air, methane and carbon monoxide, nitric oxide and other 11 kinds of compressed gas cylinders, xenon, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide (laughing gas), sulfur hexafluoride, hydrogen chloride, ethane, trifluoromethane, hexafluoroethane , Vinylidene fluoride, silane, phosphorane, tetrafluoromethane, boron trifluoride, nitrogen trifluoride and other 15 high-pressure liquefied gas cylinders, mixed gas, ammonia, chlorine, boron trichloride, bromotrifluoromethane, 11 low-pressure liquefied gas cylinders such as sulfur dioxide and sulfuryl fluoride, as well as various high-purity special gas cylinders such as high-purity organic gas, ultra-pure electronic gas, standard gas, environmental protection gas, medical gas, welding gas, and sterilization gas, have been added. Welded gas cylinders include 5 kg, 10 kg, 15 kg, 20 kg, 50 kg liquefied petroleum gas cylinders, and 15 kg, 20 kg, 30 kg and 50 male liquefied propane cylinders.

Products are widely used in high-end important fields such as medicine, aviation, science and technology, electronics, electricity, petroleum, chemical industry, mining, steel, non-ferrous metal smelting, thermal engineering, biochemistry, environmental monitoring, medical research and diagnosis, fruit ripening, food preservation, etc.

ISO 9809-1 Cylinders
Type Outside Diameter
(mm)
Water Capacity
(L)
Height
(Without Valve)
(mm)
Weight
(Without valve/cap)
(mm)
Working Pressure
(bar)
Test Pressure
(bar)
Design Wall Thickness (mm) Material
WGA232-38-20 232 38 1100-1550 40-58 200 300 5.8 34CrMo4
WGA232-40-20 40
WGA232-45-20 45
WGA232-50-20 50
WGA232-52-20 52
WGA232-38-20 232 38 1100-1550 40-58 200 300 5.2 34CrMo4
WGA232-40-20 40
WGA232-45-20 45
WGA232-50-20 50
WGA232-52-20 52
WMA232-38-15 232 38 1100-1500 40-55 150 225 6.0 37Mn
WMA232-40-15 40
WMA232-45-15 45
WMA232-50-15 50
WMA232-52-15 52
WMA232-38-15 232 38 1100-1500 40-60 150 225 5.4 37Mn
WMA232-40-15 40
WMA232-45-15 45
WMA232-50-15 50
WMA232-52-15 52

 

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts - a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You'll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you'll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20's geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click "Next" to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment - 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm - with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Standard Factory Wholesale Price Steel Seamless Gas Cylinder Oxygen Cylinder H2 Cylinder Air Cylinder Hydraulic Gas Cylinder     with Free Design CustomChina Standard Factory Wholesale Price Steel Seamless Gas Cylinder Oxygen Cylinder H2 Cylinder Air Cylinder Hydraulic Gas Cylinder     with Free Design Custom

China high quality H8 Tolerance Polished Tubing DIN2391 Hydraulic Cylinder CZPT Ck45 C20 St52 Seamless Honed Tubes near me manufacturer

Product Description

Product Description

Honing is a kind of machining technology. Through honing head, the inner hole of cold drawn pipe is processed by reciprocating high-speed grinding technology, so that the inner hole can meet the requirements of tolerance size and surface roughness that we need.

Honed tube is a kind of smooth bore steel tube used to manufacture hydraulic cylinder barrels that is the core part of a piece of hydraulic cylinder. 

 

Product name

Precision tubes and Honing tubes

Thickness

1.24mm - 60mm

Diameter

10.3mm - 610mm

Standard

ASTM A519 GRADE 4130

Mterial

GRADE 4130

Surface

oiled/black painting

Packing

wooden bag, pallet or as per your request

Application

Petroleum, chemical, machinery, electric power, shipbuilding, papermaking, construction etc

Certificate

ISO 9001

Lead time

15days or according to your qty

MOQ

10Tons

Technique

Cold drawn

Inspection

Acceptable

Common Sizes List (ID*OD)

40*50

100*127

240*273

40*55

110*130

250*266

50*60

120*140

250*280

50*63

120*145

250*300

60*70

125*140

280*323

60*73

125*145

280*325

63*73

140*165

300*320

63*76

140*168

300*356

70*80

150*180

320*340

70*82

160*184

320*356

70*85

160*194

320*370

80*90

170*200

350*370

80*92

180*210

400*420

80*95

200*216

 

80*100

200*220

 

90*102

200*232

 

90*105

200*245

 

100*114

220*250

 

100*121

   

 

 

Ball Screws - Dimensions, Applications, and Benefits

Ball screws are popular, lightweight, precision mechanical components. They are commonly used in machinery, gears, and knurled objects. These screw-like parts can be easily maintained and lubricated using oil. This article discusses their dimensions, applications, and benefits. The following sections provide additional information to help you select the right ball screw for your needs. We'll discuss some of the important characteristics of ball screws and what makes them so useful.
air-compressor

Preloading

A key problem with nut-to-ball screw backlash is the ability of the nut to move freely on the threads of the ball screw. To solve this problem, a patented solution was developed. The patent, 4,557,156, describes an innovative method for preloading ball screws and nuts. By applying a preloading nut, the threads of the ball screw are prevented from moving back and forth with the nut.
A mechanical design that involves axial play involves a lot of mass, inertia, and complexity. These characteristics lead to wear and rust problems. Preloading ball screws using a dynamic system reduces mechanical complexity by allowing preload to be adjusted while the mechanism is running. This also reduces the number of mechanical parts and simplifies manufacturing. Thus, the preloading method of the present invention is advantageous.
The servo motors used in the system monitor the output torque and adjust the power to 1 motor in a dynamic way, thus creating a torque differential between the balls. This torque differential in turn creates a preload force between the ball nuts. The servo motors' output torque is controlled in this manner, and the machine's backlash clearance can be precisely controlled. Hence, the machine can perform multiple tasks with increased precision.
Several prior art methods for preloading ball screws are described in detail in FIG. 3. The helical thread grooves of the ball screw 26 and the nut 24 define a pathway for roller balls to travel along. The stylized broken line indicates the general position of the axis of the ball roller screw 26. The corresponding ball screws are used in a number of applications. This technique may be used to manufacture custom-sized screws.

Lubrication

Ball screws are mechanical elements that roll balls through a groove. Improper lubrication can reduce the life of these screw elements. Improper lubrication can lead to shaft damage, malfunction, and decreased performance. This article discusses the importance of proper lubrication and how to do it. You can learn how to properly lubricate ball screws in the following paragraphs. Here are some tips to ensure long-term performance and safety of ball screws.
The first thing you should do is determine the type of lubricant you'll be using. Oils are preferred because they tend to remain inside the ball nut, and grease can build up in it. Oils also tend to have better anti-corrosion properties than grease. However, grease is more likely to be clogged with debris than oils. So, before you choose the lubricant that's right for your screw, make sure you wash it off.
The oil used in ball screw lubrication must be applied at a controlled rate. It can prevent metal-on-metal contact and clean out contaminants as it passes through the ball nut. However, oil as a lubricant is expensive and can contaminate the process if it mixes with the cutting fluid. Grease, on the other hand, is inexpensive, requires fewer applications, and does not contaminate process fluids.
If you use a synthetic oil for lubrication, make sure to choose a viscosity that is appropriate for the operating temperature. Oil viscosity can increase the temperature of the ball screw assembly, and excessive oil can reduce its life. A correct amount of oil will reduce the temperature of the ball screw assembly, while too little will increase friction and wear. Use the following guidelines to determine the right amount of oil for your screw.
air-compressor

Dimensions

Dimensions of ball screws are a very important aspect to consider when determining the best type for your application. Technical acceptance conditions for ball screws specify the allowed deviations during acceptance tests. The tolerance class can also change, depending on the needs of a specific application. The following table lists the most important tolerance values for the full range of screw lengths. This table is a helpful guide when looking for a specific screw. The table below lists the dimensions of common ball screws.
The axial load applied to a ball screw is 0.5 x Fpr / 2Fpr. The minimum screw diameter is known as the root diameter. The axial load causes the screw shaft to deform in a certain way (DL1 and DL2). The elastic deflection induced by the load on a ball screw is called its rigidity. This rigidity is important for calculating sizing parameters for a ball screw.
The preload value of the ball screw affects the dynamic load capacity. A preload of 10 percent is considered adequate, while a value greater than this may compromise the screw's durability. In general, a high preload value will result in a lower dynamic load capacity and greater wear. However, the preload value must be calculated with the relevant screw parameters. This is because a high preload value reduces the screw's durability.
To ensure that your screw meets the specified parameters, the dynamic load capacity must be calculated. This is the amount of force a ball screw will withstand under a specified load. This calculation also includes strength checks. If you are using a ball screw for applications that need extra strength, it may require a safety factor. For example, if the screw is used for double-axial mounting, then the outer ball nut must be inserted into the nut, causing a secondary load.

Applications

The present invention provides a simple, yet highly effective way to mount a ball screw. Its absence of insert slots or through holes makes it simpler to assemble and provides a more uniform nut. The lack of mechanical features also reduces heat treatment issues, and the nut's hardness can be uniformly hardened. As a result, the screw's overall performance is improved. Here are some examples of applications for ball screws.
Preloading is the process of applying force to a ball screw. This increases the rigidity of the screw assembly and eliminates backlash, which is lost motion caused by clearance between the nut and ball. Backlash disrupts repeatability and accuracy. Spacer preloading involves inserting force between 2 ball nuts and transmitting it through the grooves. This method is ideal when preloading is needed in large quantities. In addition to increasing rigidity, preloading can improve accuracy.
Ball screws require careful care in their working surfaces to prevent contamination. Rubber or leather bellows can be used to protect their surfaces, while positive air pressure can be applied to the screw. Preloading eliminates backlash, a common problem among screw assemblies. In addition to the numerous applications for ball screws, they are also critical to computer-controlled motion-control systems and wire bonding. And there are many more examples. So what are the benefits of using these devices?
The spring preloading system uses a spring in between 2 ball nuts, applying tensional forces to the ball nuts. This spring creates grooves in the nut's middle, which facilitates recirculation of the balls. The spring preloading mechanism is more compact than the double nut mechanism, but the lengthening of the lead reduces the ball screw's load capacity. Its compact design makes it ideal for small clearance assemblies.
air-compressor

Maintenance

In addition to performing maintenance tasks yourself, the manufacturer of ball screws should offer reverse engineering services that will enable them to identify specific problems. The process of reverse engineering allows ball screw manufacturers to develop new ball screws and parts. In the event that a ball screw is beyond repair, a manufacturer can often save a significant amount of money by repairing it instead of replacing it. In addition to repairing a ball screw, the manufacturer should also offer free evaluation services for the component. Reconditioning and replacement involve the use of new parts, while reloading and replacement replace the screw.
Performing routine maintenance checks on ball screw assemblies is essential for maintaining optimal performance and extending their service life. Overtime, excessive wear can lead to a variety of problems, including backlash, vibration, and ball bearing noise. In addition, the increased friction increases the required torque for turning a screw, causing system failure and significant downtime. To ensure that a ball screw is fully functional, it must be checked for wear and maintain the proper lubrication system.
Discoloration or pitting on a ball screw indicates that it is in need of repair. The same is true if there are chatter marks in the ball groove. Oftentimes, a ball screw needs a new lubrication seal or wipers. Additionally, it may be missing or over-wearing, which could result in permanent failure. Finally, excessive power draw could be a sign of improper lubrication or improper installation.
Proper maintenance is essential for any machine tool. When performed properly, machine tools can last decades with continuous use. Proper care and maintenance is essential to ensure long life and optimal performance. In addition to improving machine tool uptime, proper maintenance affects the accuracy and repeatability of the end product. Therefore, premium machine tool manufacturers focus on the performance and durability of ball screws. They develop innovative designs and lubricants to optimize the lifespan of their products.

China high quality H8 Tolerance Polished Tubing DIN2391 Hydraulic Cylinder CZPT Ck45 C20 St52 Seamless Honed Tubes     near me manufacturer China high quality H8 Tolerance Polished Tubing DIN2391 Hydraulic Cylinder CZPT Ck45 C20 St52 Seamless Honed Tubes     near me manufacturer

China best CZPT Stainless Steel Seamless Double-Ended Single-Ended Hydraulic Gas Sample Cylinder near me manufacturer

Product Description

Sample Cylinders

* Working pressure up to 5000 psig (344 bar)
* Internal Volume from 40 to 3785 ml
* Single-ended and double-ended

Certificates:

ASTM F1387 Tube Fittings Test Report;
Certificate of ABS;
PED of Valves and Fittings;
ISO 15500 of Valves and Fittings

Worm Shafts and Gearboxes

If you have a gearbox, you may be wondering what the best Worm Shaft is for your application. There are several things to consider, including the Concave shape, Number of threads, and Lubrication. This article will explain each factor and help you choose the right Worm Shaft for your gearbox. There are many options available on the market, so don't hesitate to shop around. If you are new to the world of gearboxes, read on to learn more about this popular type of gearbox.
worm shaft

Concave shape

The geometry of a worm gear varies considerably depending on its manufacturer and its intended use. Early worms had a basic profile that resembled a screw thread and could be chased on a lathe. Later, tools with a straight sided g-angle were developed to produce threads that were parallel to the worm's axis. Grinding was also developed to improve the finish of worm threads and minimize distortions that occur with hardening.
To select a worm with the proper geometry, the diameter of the worm gear must be in the same unit as the worm's shaft. Once the basic profile of the worm gear is determined, the worm gear teeth can be specified. The calculation also involves an angle for the worm shaft to prevent it from overheating. The angle of the worm shaft should be as close to the vertical axis as possible.
Double-enveloping worm gears, on the other hand, do not have a throat around the worm. They are helical gears with a straight worm shaft. Since the teeth of the worm are in contact with each other, they produce significant friction. Unlike double-enveloping worm gears, non-throated worm gears are more compact and can handle smaller loads. They are also easy to manufacture.
The worm gears of different manufacturers offer many advantages. For instance, worm gears are 1 of the most efficient ways to increase torque, while lower-quality materials like bronze are difficult to lubricate. Worm gears also have a low failure rate because they allow for considerable leeway in the design process. Despite the differences between the 2 standards, the overall performance of a worm gear system is the same.
The cone-shaped worm is another type. This is a technological scheme that combines a straight worm shaft with a concave arc. The concave arc is also a useful utility model. Worms with this shape have more than 3 contacts at the same time, which means they can reduce a large diameter without excessive wear. It is also a relatively low-cost model.
worm shaft

Thread pattern

A good worm gear requires a perfect thread pattern. There are a few key parameters that determine how good a thread pattern is. Firstly, the threading pattern must be ACME-threaded. If this is not possible, the thread must be made with straight sides. Then, the linear pitch of the "worm" must be the same as the circular pitch of the corresponding worm wheel. In simple terms, this means the pitch of the "worm" is the same as the circular pitch of the worm wheel. A quick-change gearbox is usually used with this type of worm gear. Alternatively, lead-screw change gears are used instead of a quick-change gear box. The pitch of a worm gear equals the helix angle of a screw.
A worm gear's axial pitch must match the circular pitch of a gear with a higher axial pitch. The circular pitch is the distance between the points of teeth on the worm, while the axial pitch is the distance between the worm's teeth. Another factor is the worm's lead angle. The angle between the pitch cylinder and worm shaft is called its lead angle, and the higher the lead angle, the greater the efficiency of a gear.
Worm gear tooth geometry varies depending on the manufacturer and intended use. In early worms, threading resembled the thread on a screw, and was easily chased using a lathe. Later, grinding improved worm thread finishes and minimized distortions from hardening. As a result, today, most worm gears have a thread pattern corresponding to their size. When selecting a worm gear, make sure to check for the number of threads before purchasing it.
A worm gear's threading is crucial in its operation. Worm teeth are typically cylindrical, and are arranged in a pattern similar to screw or nut threads. Worm teeth are often formed on an axis of perpendicular compared to their parallel counterparts. Because of this, they have greater torque than their spur gear counterparts. Moreover, the gearing has a low output speed and high torque.

Number of threads

Different types of worm gears use different numbers of threads on their planetary gears. A single threaded worm gear should not be used with a double-threaded worm. A single-threaded worm gear should be used with a single-threaded worm. Single-threaded worms are more effective for speed reduction than double-threaded ones.
The number of threads on a worm's shaft is a ratio that compares the pitch diameter and number of teeth. In general, worms have 1,2,4 threads, but some have three, five, or six. Counting thread starts can help you determine the number of threads on a worm. A single-threaded worm has fewer threads than a multiple-threaded worm, but a multi-threaded worm will have more threads than a mono-threaded planetary gear.
To measure the number of threads on a worm shaft, a small fixture with 2 ground faces is used. The worm must be removed from its housing so that the finished thread area can be inspected. After identifying the number of threads, simple measurements of the worm's outside diameter and thread depth are taken. Once the worm has been accounted for, a cast of the tooth space is made using epoxy material. The casting is moulded between the 2 tooth flanks. The V-block fixture rests against the outside diameter of the worm.
The circular pitch of a worm and its axial pitch must match the circular pitch of a larger gear. The axial pitch of a worm is the distance between the points of the teeth on a worm's pitch diameter. The lead of a thread is the distance a thread travels in 1 revolution. The lead angle is the tangent to the helix of a thread on a cylinder.
The worm gear's speed transmission ratio is based on the number of threads. A worm gear with a high ratio can be easily reduced in 1 step by using a set of worm gears. However, a multi-thread worm will have more than 2 threads. The worm gear is also more efficient than single-threaded gears. And a worm gear with a high ratio will allow the motor to be used in a variety of applications.
worm shaft

Lubrication

The lubrication of a worm gear is particularly challenging, due to its friction and high sliding contact force. Fortunately, there are several options for lubricants, such as compounded oils. Compounded oils are mineral-based lubricants formulated with 10 percent or more fatty acid, rust and oxidation inhibitors, and other additives. This combination results in improved lubricity, reduced friction, and lower sliding wear.
When choosing a lubricant for a worm shaft, make sure the product's viscosity is right for the type of gearing used. A low viscosity will make the gearbox difficult to actuate and rotate. Worm gears also undergo a greater sliding motion than rolling motion, so grease must be able to migrate evenly throughout the gearbox. Repeated sliding motions will push the grease away from the contact zone.
Another consideration is the backlash of the gears. Worm gears have high gear ratios, sometimes 300:1. This is important for power applications, but is at the same time inefficient. Worm gears can generate heat during the sliding motion, so a high-quality lubricant is essential. This type of lubricant will reduce heat and ensure optimal performance. The following tips will help you choose the right lubricant for your worm gear.
In low-speed applications, a grease lubricant may be sufficient. In higher-speed applications, it's best to apply a synthetic lubricant to prevent premature failure and tooth wear. In both cases, lubricant choice depends on the tangential and rotational speed. It is important to follow manufacturer's guidelines regarding the choice of lubricant. But remember that lubricant choice is not an easy task.

China best CZPT Stainless Steel Seamless Double-Ended Single-Ended Hydraulic Gas Sample Cylinder     near me manufacturer China best CZPT Stainless Steel Seamless Double-Ended Single-Ended Hydraulic Gas Sample Cylinder     near me manufacturer

China factory Hydraulic Seamless Steel Cylinder Hot Spinning Necking-in Machine with Hot selling

Product Description

HFD180 Hot -Spinning Machine(Diameter 89-180mm)

HFD180 Hot-Spinning Machine including: Intermediate Frequency Heating Equipment, Thermal-Spinning Forming Machine, Bottom Pushing Machine, etc. Total power for Complete Equipment is about 200Kw, installation area is 13000 x 8000mm, specific parameter as following:

Intermediate Frequency Heating Equipment Model D180-110Kw
A.Main Technical Parameter:

Rated Power(Kw) Rated Frequency(Hz) Power Frequency Voltage(V)
110 2500 3-380V

B.Equipment Performance and Technical Requirement:

Rated Power(Kw) Max Power(Kw) Rated Frequency(Hz) Power Frequency Voltage(V) Output Voltage(V) Matching Transformer(KVA)
110 250 2500 3N-380 750 200

1-2, Master Control Broad:
Master Control Broad uses imported integrated circuit. Rectifier triggers do not need any adjustment, it has phase sequence to adaptive electric circuit with high reliability. Inverter adapts sweeping-frequency and zero pressure start-up, it has the function of heavy load starting. Frequency tracking circuit using the average sampling programs to improve anti-jamming capability of the inverter. Inverter circuit also added inverter angle regulating circuit, which can automatically adjust load impedance matching.

1-3, Protection and Control:
Master Control Broad internal function includes: Rectifier phase shifting trigger, Phase self-adaption, Inverter trigger, Reverse lead angle lock, Inverter repeat start, Over-current protection, Over-voltage protection, Open-phase protection, Hydraulic under-voltage protection, Control panel under-voltage protection,etc.

1-4, The Standard of Frequency Converter:
ZBK46001-87    Semiconductor Frequency Converter for Induction Heating
JB/DQ6367-88  Semiconductor Frequency Converter for Intermediate Frequency Induction Heating, Product Quality Analysis and so on
JB4086.85         Technical Condition of Electric Control Equipment for Intermediate Frequency Induction Heating
JB/T4280-93      Intermediate Frequency Coreless Induction Furnace

1-5, Water Tank:
Frequency Converter and Capacitor all adopt open return system, it's better for observation. Cabinet body with water pressure protection device.

1-6, External Power Cord:
External Frequency Power Cord enter from the top of Intermediate frequency power supply cabinet.

1-7, Power Regulating:
There is Power Regulating Knob on the panel of Intermediate Frequency Power Supply Cabinet, the output power of frequency converter is adjustable.

1-8, Main Circuit Connection:
Main circuits of the power supply cabinet are made by copper.

1-9, Color of Cabinet:
Computer spray gray.

C.Cooling Water System

3-1, Technique Data:
Cooling water inlet temperature: 5-35ºC
Cooling water outlet temperature:≤55ºC
Cooling water pressure:0.3-0.4Mpa
Water supply: 0.57135P(P is rated power) (M³/h)
Gradient of water return pipe:I-0.01

3-2, Quality Demand of Cooling Water:
PH:7-8.5
Total hardness: ≤10 degree
Available capacity of cooling water pond cannot less than 2~3 times of supplying water.

D. Supply Scope of Complete Equipment
4-1, Frequency Converter                  1 set
4-2,φ180 Heater                           1 set
4-3, Worktable                             1 set 
4-4, Closed Cooling Tower                  1 set

E. Installation, Commissioning and Acceptance
5-1, Customer is in charge of the building projects, such as design of workshop, pond excavation,etc. Under the technical guidance of our company, customer can finish the installation of complete sets of equipment,i.e. taking and fixing the equipment in place, installing cooling water pipeline, installing connection cable, connecting power frequency cable.(Installation materials should be prepared by customer)

F. Technical Data Provided
6-1, Foundation Drawing for Equipment Installation, Drawing for Cooling Water Pipeline(Customer need to provide layout dimension drawing of workshop)
6-2, Operation Instruction for KGPS Thyristor Frequency Converter(Provided by random)
6-3, Equipment Inspection Certificate and Factory Packing List

Hot Spinning Machine Technical Parameters
A.Parameters for Cylinder
1-1, Cylinder Material: 34CrMo4 (35 CrMo),37Mn,30 CrMo,45#
1-2, Specification of Cylinder:
        a.Diameter:φ89-180mm
        b.Length: 400--1050mm
        c.Thickness: 5--12mm
        d.Weight: <80kg

B. Performance for Hot Spinning Machine
2.1, Production rate: <80s/bottle(including the time of input and output material)
2.2, Equipment total power: around 60KW
       Main motor: 30KW--6P
2.3, Flap rotation torque: 20KN.m
2.4, Hydraulic system nominal operating pressure:5--8Mpa (Low pressure), 6-15Mpa (High pressure)
2.5, Speed of Mainshaft: 400~450 R/M
2.6, Two optional types for auxiliary heating: Automatic or Manual

C. Structure of Hot Spinning Machine
3.1, Hot spinning machine main engine includes main engine chassis, main shaft, jack catch clamping device, grip cylinder, oil dispenser.
3.2, Panel turnover mechanism includes turning plate, turning plate oil cylinder, turning plate bearing(single-boom) and adjusting mechanism, turning plate centre lower than 20mm of main shaft centre, cushion block.
3.3, Equipment includes feeding mechanism, discharge mechanism, air cylinder, removable and adjustable feed frame.
3.4, Steel pipe positioning mode: prelocalization
3.5, Hydraulic system includes high-low pressure pump, control valve and connecting pipeline.
3.6, One set electric control cabinet, 1 set electric control box.
3.7, Two types for CZPT lifting device: Automatic or Manual

Main components for electric control box:

Name Manufacturer
Main bearing of the spindle HangZhou Bearing Factory(China)
PLC Mitsubishi(Japan)
Motor control ac contactor Schneider(Electric Company)
Air switch, circuit breaker Schneider(Electric Company)
Bottom switch Schneider(Electric Company)
Intermediate relay Omron
Programming controller  Mitsubishi(Japan)
Touch screen TAIDA
Encoder Koyo

D100 Bottom Pushing Machine
A.Parameter for cylinder:
1.1, Material for cylinder: 34CrMo4 (35 CrMo), 37Mn, 30 CrMo,45#
1.2, Specification of cylinder:
       a.Diameter:φ108-180mm
       b.Length: 400--1050mm
       c.Thickness: 5--12mm
       d.Weight: <80kg

B. Performance for Bottom Pushing Machine
2.1, Production rate: <80s/bottle(including the time of input and output material)
2.2, Equipment total power: around 30KW

C. Structure of Bottom Pushing Machine
3.1, Bottom Pushing Machine consists of main engine, hydraulic system, feeding and discharging mechanism.
3.2, Two types for Bottom Pushing Device: Automatic or Manual
3.3, A set of Deslagging Device

CNC Roller type Spinning Machine
Processing Diameter: 406~920mm

Machine Model THG622 THG660 THG720 THG920
Processing Diamater 406-622mm 406-660mm 559-720mm 559-920mm
Processing Length 5500-12500mm 5500-12500mm 5500-12500mm 5500-12500mm
Processing Thickness 10-30mm 10-30mm 10-30mm 10-30mm
Ctentral Heigh 1300mm 1300mm 1300mm 1300mm
Main Engine Power 200Kw 250Kw 280Kw 355Kw
Rolling Wheel Swing Angle 90 degree 90 degree 90 degree 90 degree
Control Methods CNC CNC CNC CNC
Machine Dimension L*W*H 23000*3200*2300mm 23000*3200*2300mm 31000*3200*2500mm 31000*3200*3300mm

CNC Roller type Spinning Machine
Processing Diameter: 219~406mm

Machine Model THG325 THG406-IV
Processing Diamater 219-325mm 325mm-406mm
Processing Length 800-2000mm 800-2000mm
Processing Thickness 5-15mm 5-18mm
Central Height 1100mm 1200mm
Main Engine Power 90Kw 144Kw
Rolling Wheel Swing Angle 100 degree 100 degree
Spindle Speed 700rpm 700rpm
Control Methods CNC CNC
Machine Dimension L*W*H 16000*2000*1420mm 18000*2000*1600mm

Template type Spinning Machine
Processing Diameter: 200~406mm

Machine Model THM232 THM325 THM406
Processing Diamater 200-232mm 219-325mm 325-406mm
Processing Length 700-1700mm 800-2000mm 800-2000mm
Processing Thickness 3-15mm 5-15mm 5-18mm
Central Height 1000mm 1100mm 1200mm
Main Engine Power 37Kw 90Kw 110Kw
Template Retroflexion Angle 90 degree 90 degree 90 degree
Template Center Height Adjust +-20mm +-30mm +-30mm
Control Method PLC PLC PLC
Machine Dimension L*W*H 16000*2000*1300mm 16000*2000*1420mm 18000*2000*1600mm

Double Roller Series CNC Playback General Spinning Flow Forming Machine
Processing Diameter: 690~3000mm

Model Max Rough Diamater(mm) Height from Spindle to Tailstock(mm) Longitudinal Thrust(KN) Radial Trust(KN)
350PCNC 690 1100 24 24
450PCNC 890 1250 65 65
800PCNC 1590 1250 65 65
700PCNC 1400 2300 150 150
900PCNC 1800 2500 200 200
1200PCNC 2400 2500 300 300
1500PCNC 3000 3500 400 400

Triple Roller Type CNC Power Spinning Flow Forming Machine

Name Unit QX63-10CNC QX63-20CNC QX63-30CNC
Max Rough Diameter mm 400 600 700
Min Rough Diameter mm 60 60 100
Max length of work piece(positive rotation) mm 1200 2000 2500
Max length of work piece(contrarotation) mm 2200  3000 4000
Double center distance mm 4700 6000 6500
Spindle Speed rpm 30-600 30-600 30-500
Main engine power Kw 37/40 100/110 120
Tail force KN 50 75 150
Spinning roller base longitudinal stroke mm 1500 2000/2500 2500/3000
Spinning roller base longitudinal thrust KN 170 250/300 400/450
Spinning roller base horizontal stroke mm 170 270 300
Spinning roller base horizontal thrust KN 3*100 3*200 3*300

Concave Bottom Stamping Machine

Machine Model 250CD 400CD 500CD
Forming Force 2500KN 4000KN 5000KN
Processing Diameter 219-232mm 219-406mm 219-406mm
Processing Length 1700mm 2000mm 2000mm
Processing Thickness 18mm 18mm 18mm
Central Height 650mm 800mm 800mm
Control Methods PLC PLC PLC

F&Q
We are professional manufacturer of lpg tank production line. We need to know following information to quote you correct machineries:
Q: What size of LNG cylinder your machine can produce?
A: 15kgs and 50kgs LNG cylinder and other size according customers' requirement.
Q: Can you design machines according LNG cylinder technical drawing?
A: Sure, please send your technical drawing to us.
Q: What are the benefits to choose your machines?
A: Our machines are strong and reliable for long term industrial manufacturing

To enable me give you correct proposal for correct machines, pls tell me following details:
1.Can you send me the technical drawing of the cylinders you want to make?
2.What size of cylinder you want to produce?(15kg, 50kg)
3.What kind of gas will be used inside cylinder?  Nitrogen, Oxygen, etc..?
4. What temperature?
5.What diameter and thickness of the cylinder you want to make?
6.What length and material of cylinder you want to make,stainless steel or carbon steel?
7.Are you new in this area or you already have some machines in the workshop?
8.Capacity you require, i.e. how many pieces and sizes you want to make per day?  

An Overview of Worm Shafts and Gears

This article provides an overview of worm shafts and gears, including the type of toothing and deflection they experience. Other topics covered include the use of aluminum versus bronze worm shafts, calculating worm shaft deflection and lubrication. A thorough understanding of these issues will help you to design better gearboxes and other worm gear mechanisms. For further information, please visit the related websites. We also hope that you will find this article informative.
worm shaft

Double throat worm gears

The pitch diameter of a worm and the pitch of its worm wheel must be equal. The 2 types of worm gears have the same pitch diameter, but the difference lies in their axial and circular pitches. The pitch diameter is the distance between the worm's teeth along its axis and the pitch diameter of the larger gear. Worms are made with left-handed or right-handed threads. The lead of the worm is the distance a point on the thread travels during 1 revolution of the worm gear. The backlash measurement should be made in a few different places on the gear wheel, as a large amount of backlash implies tooth spacing.
A double-throat worm gear is designed for high-load applications. It provides the tightest connection between worm and gear. It is crucial to mount a worm gear assembly correctly. The keyway design requires several points of contact, which block shaft rotation and help transfer torque to the gear. After determining the location of the keyway, a hole is drilled into the hub, which is then screwed into the gear.
The dual-threaded design of worm gears allows them to withstand heavy loads without slipping or tearing out of the worm. A double-throat worm gear provides the tightest connection between worm and gear, and is therefore ideal for hoisting applications. The self-locking nature of the worm gear is another advantage. If the worm gears are designed well, they are excellent for reducing speeds, as they are self-locking.
When choosing a worm, the number of threads that a worm has is critical. Thread starts determine the reduction ratio of a pair, so the higher the threads, the greater the ratio. The same is true for the worm helix angles, which can be one, two, or 3 threads long. This varies between a single thread and a double-throat worm gear, and it is crucial to consider the helix angle when selecting a worm.
Double-throat worm gears differ in their profile from the actual gear. Double-throat worm gears are especially useful in applications where noise is an issue. In addition to their low noise, worm gears can absorb shock loads. A double-throat worm gear is also a popular choice for many different types of applications. These gears are also commonly used for hoisting equipment. Its tooth profile is different from that of the actual gear.
worm shaft

Bronze or aluminum worm shafts

When selecting a worm, a few things should be kept in mind. The material of the shaft should be either bronze or aluminum. The worm itself is the primary component, but there are also addendum gears that are available. The total number of teeth on both the worm and the addendum gear should be greater than 40. The axial pitch of the worm needs to match the circular pitch of the larger gear.
The most common material used for worm gears is bronze because of its desirable mechanical properties. Bronze is a broad term referring to various copper alloys, including copper-nickel and copper-aluminum. Bronze is most commonly created by alloying copper with tin and aluminum. In some cases, this combination creates brass, which is a similar metal to bronze. The latter is less expensive and suitable for light loads.
There are many benefits to bronze worm gears. They are strong and durable, and they offer excellent wear-resistance. In contrast to steel worms, bronze worm gears are quieter than their counterparts. They also require no lubrication and are corrosion-resistant. Bronze worms are popular with small, light-weight machines, as they are easy to maintain. You can read more about worm gears in CZPT's CZPT.
Although bronze or aluminum worm shafts are the most common, both materials are equally suitable for a variety of applications. A bronze shaft is often called bronze but may actually be brass. Historically, worm gears were made of SAE 65 gear bronze. However, newer materials have been introduced. SAE 65 gear bronze (UNS C90700) remains the preferred material. For high-volume applications, the material savings can be considerable.
Both types of worms are essentially the same in size and shape, but the lead on the left and right tooth surfaces can vary. This allows for precise adjustment of the backlash on a worm without changing the center distance between the worm gear. The different sizes of worms also make them easier to manufacture and maintain. But if you want an especially small worm for an industrial application, you should consider bronze or aluminum.

Calculation of worm shaft deflection

The centre-line distance of a worm gear and the number of worm teeth play a crucial role in the deflection of the rotor. These parameters should be entered into the tool in the same units as the main calculation. The selected variant is then transferred to the main calculation. The deflection of the worm gear can be calculated from the angle at which the worm teeth shrink. The following calculation is helpful for designing a worm gear.
Worm gears are widely used in industrial applications due to their high transmittable torques and large gear ratios. Their hard/soft material combination makes them ideally suited for a wide range of applications. The worm shaft is typically made of case-hardened steel, and the worm wheel is fabricated from a copper-tin-bronze alloy. In most cases, the wheel is the area of contact with the gear. Worm gears also have a low deflection, as high shaft deflection can affect the transmission accuracy and increase wear.
Another method for determining worm shaft deflection is to use the tooth-dependent bending stiffness of a worm gear's toothing. By calculating the stiffness of the individual sections of a worm shaft, the stiffness of the entire worm can be determined. The approximate tooth area is shown in figure 5.
Another way to calculate worm shaft deflection is by using the FEM method. The simulation tool uses an analytical model of the worm gear shaft to determine the deflection of the worm. It is based on a two-dimensional model, which is more suitable for simulation. Then, you need to input the worm gear's pitch angle and the toothing to calculate the maximum deflection.
worm shaft

Lubrication of worm shafts

In order to protect the gears, worm drives require lubricants that offer excellent anti-wear protection, high oxidation resistance, and low friction. While mineral oil lubricants are widely used, synthetic base oils have better performance characteristics and lower operating temperatures. The Arrhenius Rate Rule states that chemical reactions double every 10 degrees C. Synthetic lubricants are the best choice for these applications.
Synthetics and compounded mineral oils are the most popular lubricants for worm gears. These oils are formulated with mineral basestock and 4 to 6 percent synthetic fatty acid. Surface-active additives give compounded gear oils outstanding lubricity and prevent sliding wear. These oils are suited for high-speed applications, including worm gears. However, synthetic oil has the disadvantage of being incompatible with polycarbonate and some paints.
Synthetic lubricants are expensive, but they can increase worm gear efficiency and operating life. Synthetic lubricants typically fall into 2 categories: PAO synthetic oils and EP synthetic oils. The latter has a higher viscosity index and can be used at a range of temperatures. Synthetic lubricants often contain anti-wear additives and EP (anti-wear).
Worm gears are frequently mounted over or under the gearbox. The proper lubrication is essential to ensure the correct mounting and operation. Oftentimes, inadequate lubrication can cause the unit to fail sooner than expected. Because of this, a technician may not make a connection between the lack of lube and the failure of the unit. It is important to follow the manufacturer's recommendations and use high-quality lubricant for your gearbox.
Worm drives reduce backlash by minimizing the play between gear teeth. Backlash can cause damage if unbalanced forces are introduced. Worm drives are lightweight and durable because they have minimal moving parts. In addition, worm drives are low-noise and vibration. In addition, their sliding motion scrapes away excess lubricant. The constant sliding action generates a high amount of heat, which is why superior lubrication is critical.
Oils with a high film strength and excellent adhesion are ideal for lubrication of worm gears. Some of these oils contain sulfur, which can etch a bronze gear. In order to avoid this, it is imperative to use a lubricant that has high film strength and prevents asperities from welding. The ideal lubricant for worm gears is 1 that provides excellent film strength and does not contain sulfur.

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